Arranging sofas in the living room


The living room is the space where we spend time with others relaxing, chatting, watching television, reading the newspaper. Also, it is one of the most visible areas of the home.

The sofa is one of the largest pieces of furniture and when deciding the living room layout you should think carefully where to place it and how to arrange the rest of the furniture. Once you decide where you're going to put the sofa, the location of all other pieces, such as chairs and coffee tables, falls into place. 


Sofa measurements 

Most furniture is manufactured to standard measurements. Although, you can find sofas in many styles, colors or upholstery fabrics, most sofas share the same approximate measurements. However,  before actually buying a sofa you should measure it to see if it will fit inside the space you have. 

sofa measurements


Types of bathrooms and layouts


bathroom layout

Bathrooms can be categorized into several different types based on their size and function. The smallest footprint for a bathroom is usually the powder room and the half bath. There are plenty of variations like the master bathroom, the kid's bathroom, the bathroom with laundry facilities, with fixtures and features that are accesible to the physically challenged and many more. 


Tub materials


Tubs are manufactured from many different materials. The most common are: 


It can be molded into just about any shape and size. The color runs through the entire substance rather that just in the surface coat, making it less likely to show scratches or to fade. 

Enameled steel

Enameled steel tubes are pressed from sheets of steel and coated with a baked-on enamel. The enamel layer is usually thin, though susceptible to chipping. In addition, enameled steel doesn't retain heat. 

Cast iron

Is the most durable material available for tubs. Iron is cast into a tub shape and then coated with a baked-on enamel. The enamel layer is thick, strong, durable is scratches, resistant to chips and stains and has a rich, colored finish. Cast iron is just about indestructible but it's also heavy. A standard tub weights between 300-400 pounds. In some cases the floor must be reinforced to support the additional weight. 

Cast iron is used most commonly for claw-foot and other stand alone bathtubs. The enamel finish of old cast-iron tubes can be reglazed but it is not a do-it-yourself process and the new finish will be not as durable as the original. 


It is an inexpensive and lightweight material that can be finished in a variety of colors. It is easily molded, so fiberglass tubs can have seats, soap dishes, shampoo shelves, molded into the sides. The major disadvantage is that the surface can be scratched  easily and that the color will gradually fade. 




The basic types of sinks


The most significant difference between the major sink types is the manner in which they are installed. These are the basic sink types: 

  • Wall mounted sinks:

Wall- mounted sinks hang directly from the wall, taking up little space and offering easy access to plumbing hookups. Wall-mounted sinks are ideal options for half baths and small bathrooms. Some types, feature attatched bodies or aprons that hide plumbing. 

wall mounted sink



Sanitary ware and accessories: Standard heights


Wet room installations are largely standardized and sanitary ware is supplied in a range of fixed dimensions. The graphic representation shows the typical heights of the most common sanitary wary and accessories. 

Sanitary Ware & accessories: Diagram of heights (in cm)

sanitary ware dimensions, toilet dimension, sink dimensions, toilet height, sink height



Sanitary Ware & accessories: Diagram of heights (in inches)

toilet height, sink height, sink dimension, toilet dimension




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