Mastaba- The first egyptian burial structure.


Mastaba is a structure, built in ancient Egypt, protecting and marking an underground burial chamber. During the pre-dynastic and early-dynastic period, mastabas were built, to serve as tombs for both kings and the upper class. Later, the kings were buried inside pyramids, while high officials, royalty and king’s relatives continued to built mastabas as their tombs. As a structure, mastaba was a freestanding, rectangular building with inclined sides

Mastaba, Mastaba egypt, mastaba tomb


How to enhance your sketches with 3 dimensionality



Sketches, either you are an architect, interior designer or graphic designer, are an important communication tool than not only helps you communicate your idea with your clients but also convert your abstract ideas into specific drawings. 

The illusion of three-dimensionality enhances sketches, even the simplest ones, makes them more vivid and sophisticated. Below you’ll see 3 simple techniques that will help you break the flatness of the paper and add depth and 3 dimensionality to your sketches.

  • By using light, mediun and dark tones. Any object is visible only under light. The parts of an object that are closer to a light source are lighter than the parts of the objects that are farther from the light source.

Look the following shapes. The first sphere seems flat while the second seems 3 dimensional. The only thing that it was applied to the second sphere was the technique of light, medium and dark tones. The same technique was applied to the cylinder. 

sphere sketches, how to draw a 3d sphere, illusion 3d,


What we mean by the term “interior finishings or interior finishes”


We use the terms "interior finishings" or "interior finishes" to describe those interior space elements that are fixed in place. They are usually attached to other structural elements of the building, like for example to the walls, ceilings, floors, etc. So, interior finishings most of the times are non-structural elements. They have decorative purpose or both decorative and functional.  

Common types of interior finishings: 

  • Interior doors.
  • Wall treatments
  • Ceiling treatments
  • Stairways
  • Posts and columns
  • Space divisions systems.
  • Cabinets and countertops
  • Plumbing fixtures
  • Lighting

Interior finishings, interior finishes, types of interior finishigs, types if interior finishes



Common coffee table shapes


Before purchasing a coffee table for your living room, you need first to determine its shape. The proper shape depends on the user’s needs and taste, but also depends on the size of the sofa and on the seating configuration. 

The arrangement of the seating area: The sofas, the armchairs, the rug, the coffee table, the end tables, any ottomans, etc form an assembly of independent pieces that moreover should work as a group. For example, when seating furniture is placed face-to-face then a rectangular or oval table is probably the best choice for this configuration. When two sofas of the same length are placed in L-shaped arrangement, then a square or round table is an advantageous choice.  If the furniture placement is done in the round, then a round coffee table compliments the arrangement. 

coffee table shapes, rectangular coffee table,  The linear arrangement of the seating furniture in U-shape dictates a rectangular coffee table.


Coffee table proper size


The size of the coffee table in the living room is equally important as its shape and style. The proper coffee table measurements (length and widht) depend mostly on:

  • The size of the sofas
  • The optimal conversation distance

The size of the sofa: If you have a long sofa, you probably think that you need a long coffee table. But how long the coffee table should be? A rule of thumb is that the coffee table should be approximately two-thirds the length of the sofa (and a little smaller that this). 

coffee table size, coffee table length, coffee table measurements, coffee table dimensions,


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